Memphis


Memphis
   Greek name for the capital of the first nome of Lower Egypt located at modern Mit Rahina. The city is said to have been founded by Menes. It then served as the capital of a united Egypt and was first called Inebu-hedj, meaning “White Wall.” It was later known by the name Men-nefer, derived from thepyramidof Pepy I, from which the Greek form of its name developed. Memphis remained the first or second capital of Egypt throughout most of dynastic history. Its principal monument was the templeto its local god, Ptah, which is now in ruins but was largely rebuilt by Ramesses II. The remains of smaller temples and palaces, mainly from the Ramesside Period, have also been uncovered. The site has not been systematically excavated and so is less well known than the southern capital at Thebes. Investigations were carried out by Jospeh Hekekyan in 1852. Excavations were carried out by AugusteMariette; Flinders Petriefrom 1909–1913; the University of Pennsylvania from 1915–1919, 1921–1923, and 1955–1956; Egyptian archaeologists notably in 1931 and 1942 when tombsof the Ramesside Period and Dynasty 22 were uncovered; and the Egypt Exploration Society since 1981. The kings and courtiers who resided here were buried at the nearby desert sites of Abusir, Dahshur, Giza, Meidum, and Saqqara.
Historical Dictionary Of Ancient Egypt by Morris L. Bierbrier

Ancient Egypt. A Reference Guide. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Memphis — ist der Name folgender Orte: Memphis (Ägypten), eine antike Stadt in Ägypten in den Vereinigten Staaten: Memphis (Alabama) Memphis (Florida) Memphis (Indiana) Memphis (Michigan) Memphis (Mississippi) Memphis (Missouri) Memphis (Nebraska) Memphis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Memphis — Memphis, MO U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 2061 Housing Units (2000): 1052 Land area (2000): 1.565989 sq. miles (4.055894 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.565989 sq. miles (4.055894 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Memphis — • Ancient capital of Egypt; diocese of the province of Arcadia or Heptanomos, suffragan of Oxyrynchus Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Memphis     Memphis      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • MEMPHIS — MEMPHIS, city in Tennessee, U.S., with a Jewish population of 9,500 (.08 percent of the general population) in 2005. Memphis was first settled in 1818 and the first known Jewish settler, David Hart, arrived in 1838. In the 1840s Jews began to… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • MEMPHIS — (from the Greek Menophreos which in turn was derived from the late Old Kingdom Egyptian Mn nfr,   meaning established and beautiful ), ancient city in Lower Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile, approximately 12 mi. (c. 19 km.) south of Cairo,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Memphis — Memphis. Dort wo der Nil, der mächtige Aegypten beherrschende und befruchtende Strom, noch nicht in viel Zweige gespalten, das sogenannte Delta bildet, wo er noch in seiner ganzen Größe, zwischen dem ihn oft umringenden Gebirge des Nilthales,… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Memphis, AL — U.S. town in Alabama Population (2000): 33 Housing Units (2000): 12 Land area (2000): 0.386959 sq. miles (1.002218 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.004364 sq. miles (0.011303 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.391323 sq. miles (1.013521 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Memphis, FL — U.S. Census Designated Place in Florida Population (2000): 7264 Housing Units (2000): 2832 Land area (2000): 3.162239 sq. miles (8.190161 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.162239 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Memphis, IN — U.S. Census Designated Place in Indiana Population (2000): 400 Housing Units (2000): 168 Land area (2000): 2.498989 sq. miles (6.472351 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 2.498989 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Memphis, MI — U.S. city in Michigan Population (2000): 1129 Housing Units (2000): 476 Land area (2000): 1.122697 sq. miles (2.907773 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.028461 sq. miles (0.073713 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.151158 sq. miles (2.981486 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Memphis, MO — U.S. city in Missouri Population (2000): 2061 Housing Units (2000): 1052 Land area (2000): 1.565989 sq. miles (4.055894 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.565989 sq. miles (4.055894 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.